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How does a raw diet affect dog poop?

by Scott Marshall May 17, 2024 9 min read

How does a raw diet affect dog poop?

Dog poop on a raw diet often flies under the radar in discussions about canine health, overshadowed by more immediate concerns like nutrition and behavior. Yet, it holds a pivotal role, offering a window into the effectiveness and suitability of a dog's diet with an emphasis on raw feeding. This overlooked aspect can reveal much about a dog's digestive health and overall well-being.

The unique characteristics of dog poop when fed a raw diet mark it as a subject worthy of attention. It distinguishes itself through reduced volume, less odor, and a firmer consistency, setting it apart from the outcomes of more conventional diets. Among the types of poop observed, variations can be seen in color and texture, each telling its own story about the dog's internal health and dietary compatibility.

Digging deeper, the nuances of dog poop on a raw diet, from the shades of color to the degrees of firmness, reflect various factors such as the balance of ingredients, the dog's hydration levels, and its body's ability to absorb nutrients. The subsequent sections will delve into these elements, exploring the implications of diet on poop characteristics, the insights they offer into a dog's health, and practical advice for dog owners navigating the raw feeding journey. This exploration aims to enrich the understanding of raw diets' impact on canine health, elevating the topic of dog poop from a mere byproduct to an informative health indicator.

Dog Poop on Raw Diet

Switching a dog to a raw diet often results in noticeable changes in their poop, a direct reflection of the diet's impact on the dog's digestive system. Owners might observe that their dogs produce smaller, firmer, and less smelly stools. This is because a raw diet, typically rich in proteins and low in fillers, allows for more efficient digestion and nutrient absorption, leaving less waste behind.

The color of the poop can also vary, providing insights into the dog's health and the diet's suitability. Understanding these variations in poop is crucial for dog owners, as they can serve as early indicators of how well the diet agrees with the pet. For instance, very hard stools might suggest a need for more hydration or fiber, while extremely light-colored poop could indicate an imbalance in the diet.

This overview aims to guide dog owners through the expected changes and what they might signify, ensuring a smooth transition to raw feeding and maintaining the health and well-being of their dogs.

Expected Changes in Poop When Transitioning to a Raw Diet


Expected Changes


First 1-2 Weeks

Increased firmness, possible variation in color 

Body adjusting to higher protein and nutrient density

2-4 Weeks

Reduction in stool volume and odor

Improved digestion and nutrient absorption

1-2 Months

Consistent firmness, less frequent defecation

Efficient processing of nutrients, less waste produced

What These Changes Signify About Dog's Health and Diet Adaptation

    • Increased Firmness: Indicates efficient protein digestion and absorption. A sign that the dog's digestive system is adapting well to the raw diet.
    • Variation in Color: Can reflect the diverse ingredients in a raw diet. Monitoring color changes is essential for identifying potential dietary imbalances early.
    • Reduction in Stool Volume and Odor: Suggests a decrease in undigested food waste and less fermentation in the gut, indicative of a healthy digestive process.
    • Less Frequent Defecation: A positive sign that the dog is utilizing more of the ingested nutrients, leading to less waste production.
  • Loose Stool: Adult dogs may experience a temporary bout of loose stool or diarrhea during the change. This is normal and should be temporary but do be aware of it and listen to your dog if they tell you they need to go outside.
  • Monitoring and Adjusting the Raw Diet

    • Hydration and Fiber: If stools become too hard, reduce bone content,increasing hydration and incorporating fiber-rich vegetables can help maintain optimal stool consistency.
    • Dietary Balance: Consistently pale or unusually colored stools may indicate the need to adjust the balance of muscle meat, organs, and bones in the diet.
    • Veterinary Consultation: Persistent deviations from the expected changes, such as ongoing diarrhea or constipation, warrant a veterinary check to rule out underlying health issues.

    Transitioning to a raw diet requires patience and observation, as each dog's digestive system will adapt at its own pace. By understanding and responding to the changes in their dog's poop, owners can ensure a successful transition, promoting their pet's health and well-being on a raw diet.

    What Does Your Pet's Poop Color Mean?

    The color of your dog's poop can be a vivid indicator of their health, especially when on a raw diet. Normal dog poop typically exhibits shades of brown, a result of bile digestion and the breakdown of food rich in proteins and fats. However, variations in color can signal different health states or dietary effects.

    For example, black or very dark stools may indicate bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract, while white or light-colored poop could suggest a high bone content in the diet or a lack of bile. Green poop might be due to grass consumption, and red streaks could point to bleeding in the lower gastrointestinal tract. Understanding these color variations is essential for dog owners to monitor their pet's health and dietary compatibility.

    It's a straightforward way to assess whether the raw diet is meeting the dog's nutritional needs or if adjustments are necessary. This knowledge empowers owners to make informed decisions about their pet's diet and to seek veterinary advice when unusual colors persist.

    Detailed Dog Poop Color Chart


    Possible Causes

    Dietary Influence

    Recommended Actions


    Normal, healthy digestion

    Balanced raw diet

    None, continue current diet

    Black or Very Dark

    Too much organ

    Having too much liver, kidney, etc… in the diet is a common cause for this issue.

    Reduce organ volume in your recipes or have the recipes designed by a professional

    White or Light-Colored

    High bone content, lack of bile

    Too much bone in the diet

    Adjust diet to reduce bone content, consult vet if persists


    Grass consumption, bile

    Grass eating, possibly due to dietary imbalance or for self-medication

    Monitor for grass eating, adjust diet if needed, consult vet if persists

    Red Streaks or Bloody

    Bleeding in the lower GI tract

    Not directly related, but raw diet adjustments may be needed

    Veterinary consultation to rule out serious conditions


    Liver or gallbladder issues

    Not directly related to raw diet, but a sudden change might indicate health issues

    Veterinary check-up recommended

    Grey or Greasy

    Malabsorption, pancreas issues

    Possible fat digestion issues

    Veterinary consultation for potential digestive issues

    Colors You Don't Want To See

    Certain colors in your dog's poop can raise immediate concerns, especially for pets on a raw diet. Dark, tar-like stools are particularly alarming, as they may signal internal bleeding, often from the stomach or upper intestines. Similarly, very light or white poop can indicate an excess of bone in the diet or issues with bile production, which is crucial for digestion.

    Bright red streaks in the poop should not be ignored, as this can signify fresh blood, potentially from a lower gastrointestinal tract issue. Lastly, unusual colors like blue or green, if not attributed to specific dietary items like colored treats or grass, could suggest ingestion of harmful substances. Spotting these colors in your dog's poop warrants a closer examination and, in many cases, an immediate consultation with a veterinarian.

    These colors can be early indicators of health issues that require prompt attention. Recognizing and acting upon these warning signs can be crucial in maintaining the health and well-being of dogs on a raw diet.

    Detailed Concerning Poop Color Chart

    Color Description

    Potential Causes

    When to Be Concerned

    Recommended Actions

    Dark, Tar-like

    High organ content or Internal bleeding in the upper GI tract

    Immediate concern, especially if accompanied by lethargy or vomiting

    Seek immediate veterinary attention

    Very Light or White

    High bone content, lack of bile

    Concerning if consistent over multiple days

    Adjust diet to reduce bone content; consult vet if persists

    Bright Red or Bloody

    Fresh bleeding from the lower GI tract

    Immediate concern if accompanied by pain or discomfort

    Prompt veterinary consultation

    Unrelated Dark or Tar-like

    Internal bleeding or health complications unrelated to diet

    Immediate concern, especially if no dietary cause

    Immediate veterinary evaluation

    What Does Your Pet's Poop Consistency Mean?

    The consistency of your pet's poop offers significant insights into their digestive health, particularly when on a raw diet. Firm stools are generally a sign of good health, indicating efficient digestion and nutrient absorption. A raw diet, rich in proteins and low in indigestible fillers, typically results in firmer, less voluminous poop.

    However, too hard stools may suggest dehydration or a lack of dietary fiber. Conversely, soft stools can signal a dietary adjustment period or intolerance to certain ingredients in the raw diet. While slight variations in consistency are normal during dietary transitions, persistently soft or watery stools indicate digestive issues, such as malabsorption or infections, necessitating veterinary attention.

    Understanding poop consistency helps dog owners monitor their pet's health and dietary suitability, enabling timely interventions and dietary adjustments to maintain optimal digestive health.

    Detailed Poop Consistency Chart



    Potential Causes

    Recommended Actions


    Efficient nutrient absorption, possibly dehydration or low fiber

    High protein and bone content, insufficient water intake, lack of fiber

    Increase water availability, adjust diet to include more fiber (e.g., vegetables), monitor for improvement


    Good health, efficient digestion

    Balanced raw diet

    Continue current feeding regimen


    Dietary adjustment period, potential intolerance

    Transitioning to raw, too much fat or certain proteins

    Ensure gradual transition, adjust fat/protein sources as needed

    Watery (Diarrhea)

    Digestive upset, malabsorption, infection

    Dietary intolerance, imbalance, infection

    Consult veterinarian, consider dietary adjustments, ensure hydration

    Consistencies You Don’t Want to See

    When monitoring your dog's poop, especially on a raw diet, there are certain consistencies that can be cause for concern. Watery diarrhea and very hard, dry stools indicative of constipation are significant health indicators. Immediate veterinary attention may be necessary as these conditions can lead to dehydration, nutrient loss, and discomfort for your dog, potentially signaling more severe gastrointestinal issues.

    Recognizing and responding to these undesirable consistencies is crucial in maintaining your dog's health and well-being on a raw diet.

    Detailed Consistency Issues Chart

    Consistency Issue

    Causes Specific to Raw Diets

    Home Remedies

    When to Seek Veterinary Care

    Dietary Adjustments


    Too rapid transition to raw, imbalance in diet, intolerance to certain raw ingredients

    Ensure hydration, probiotics, pumpkin puree

    If diarrhea persists for more than 48 hours, or if accompanied by vomiting, lethargy

    Gradual transition to raw, adjust proportions of muscle meat, bone, and organ meat, consider eliminating potential allergens


    High bone content, insufficient fiber, inadequate water intake

    Increase water intake, add fiber sources like pumpkin or leafy greens, gentle exercise

    If constipation lasts more than 72 hours, or if the dog shows signs of distress

    Reduce bone content, ensure a balanced diet with adequate fiber, ensure constant access to fresh water

    Switching to Raw: Expectations

    Transitioning your dog to a raw diet is a significant change that requires careful planning and observation. It's not just about altering the food your dog eats; it's about transforming their digestive health for the better. Initially, you might notice changes in poop consistency, color, and frequency as your dog's system adjusts to the new diet.

    These changes are normal and often indicate the body's adaptation to more efficiently digesting raw foods. Firmer stools, less odor, and possibly less frequent bowel movements are common signs that the raw diet is positively affecting your dog's digestive efficiency. However, it's important to monitor these changes closely.

    Sudden or extreme variations, such as persistent diarrhea or constipation, warrant a veterinary consultation to ensure the transition is proceeding healthily. Understanding these expected changes and knowing when to seek advice are key to a successful dietary switch, ultimately leading to improved health and well-being for your dog.

    Step-by-Step Guide on Transitioning to Raw



    Signs of Successful Transition

    Troubleshooting Common Issues


    Gradual Introduction

    Dog shows interest in raw food, no immediate digestive upset

    If dog refuses raw food, try mixing it with a small amount of their current food, gradually increasing the raw portion


    Monitor Poop Changes

    Stools become firmer, less smelly

    Soft stools or diarrhea: Ensure a balanced raw diet; too hard: Increase hydration and consider adding more fiber


    Adjust Portions

    Dog maintains healthy weight, shows good energy levels

    Weight loss: Increase portion size; Weight gain: Decrease portion size


    Observe Health Improvements

    Improved coat condition, energy levels, and overall vitality

    Lack of improvement: Review diet composition with a veterinarian or a canine nutritionist


    Full Transition

    Dog is fully on raw diet, showing all signs of successful transition

    Persistent issues: Consult with a veterinarian to rule out any underlying health problems

    Do raw fed dogs poop less often?

    Yes, dogs fed a raw diet typically poop less often than their kibble-fed counterparts. This is primarily due to the higher digestibility of raw foods, which means dogs are able to absorb more nutrients from their meals, leaving less waste to be excreted. The raw diet is rich in proteins and essential nutrients and lacks the fillers found in many commercial kibbles, resulting in fewer, smaller, and firmer stools.

    This reduction in poop frequency is a clear indicator of the raw diet's efficiency in nutrient absorption and overall digestive health. Dog owners can consider this change a positive aspect of switching to raw feeding, reflecting a more natural and healthful digestion process.

    Can a raw food diet lead to constipation?

    Yes, a raw food diet can lead to constipation in some dogs, particularly if the diet is high in bone content or lacks sufficient fiber. Bones are rich in calcium, which can harden stools, making it essential to balance the diet with adequate fiber sources like vegetables or specific supplements. Ensuring a balanced raw diet that includes a variety of meats, organ meats, and a small proportion of vegetables or fruits, along with plenty of water, is crucial for preventing constipation.

    Can a dog on raw food get diarrhea?

    Indeed, transitioning to a raw food diet can cause diarrhea in dogs, especially during the initial adjustment period. This can occur due to the dog's digestive system adapting to the high protein content, intolerance to certain raw ingredients, or an imbalance in the diet's fat-to-bone ratio. To avoid this, it's important to transition your dog gradually to the raw diet, closely monitor their response, and adjust portions or ingredients as necessary to ensure the diet is well-balanced and supports optimal digestive health.

    Scott Marshall
    Scott Marshall

    Scott has been feeding a raw dog food diet for over 13 years. He lives in Utah with his wife Arianne, his 11.5 year old german shepherd Wolken, and his 2.5 year old labradoodle Montu. Scott has been teaching others about raw feeding since 2013, started Raw Feeding 101 in 2017, and has been solely focused on simplifying the process of pet parents meeting their dogs’ daily nutrient requirements since 2018.

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